Description Consider the two patterns of ‘O’ and ‘X’ below (‘.’ represent an empty square). We want the first pattern to be transformed into the second pattern in one time unit. During this time unit, each symbol (‘O’ and ‘X’) can move one step in any of the four directions (or remain at its current square). All movements happen simultaneously, so a symbol can move to an occupied square, if that symbol is moved to some other square. If a symbol moves from square A to B, and the symbol at B moves to A, we have a swap. Write a program which calculates the least number of swaps needed to transform a given pattern into another given pattern.